The Switch module takes care of basic input from things like buttons and switches and controls simple devices like fans and pumps.
It's an incredibly versatile tools that allows you to setup a lot of on-off type systems. It listens to inputs or custom G/M-codes, and outputs to GPIO pins or outputs custom G/M-codes.
This allows you to do one of the following :
- Make a G-code control a GPIO pin
- Make a GPIO pin cause a G-code to be executed
- Make a GPIO pin control another GPIO pin
- Make a G-code cause another G-code to be executed
Like TemperatureControl, there can be multiple Switch modules. All you need to do is give each module it's own name in the config file.
switch.fan1.enable true switch.fan1.output_pin 2.7 etc ... switch.fan2.enable true switch.fan2.output_pin 2.6 etc ... switch.zplus10.enable true switch.zplus10.input_pin 1.7 switch.zplus10.output_on_command G91G0Z10G90 # G90 and G91 switch to relative positioning then back to absolute etc ...
|switch.module_name.enable||true||Create and enable a new Switch module if set to true. Switch modules use commands or pins as inputs, to send commands or switch pins as output. Note this module is very versatile and can be used to do many different things. Parameters that are not defined will be ignored.|
|switch.module_name.input_pin||2.11||When this pin becomes high the switch changes to the ON state, and when it becomes low the switch changes to the OFF state. ( see the input_pin_behavior option for more details }}|
|switch.module_name.input_pin_behavior||momentary||If set to momentary when the input pin becomes high the switch changes to the ON state, and when it becomes low the switch changes to the OFF state. If set to toggle the input pin toggles the switch's state between ON and OFF.|
|switch.module_name.input_on_command||M106||Calling this command sets the switch ON|
|switch.module_name.input_off_command||M107||Calling this command sets the switch OFF|
|switch.module_name.subcode||1||the subcode that the input on or input off commands respond to M106.1|
|switch.module_name.output_on_command||abort||This command is called when the switch changes to the ON state|
|switch.module_name.output_off_command||resume||This command is called when the switch changes to the OFF state|
|switch.module_name.output_pin||2.6||This pin will be set low when the switch is OFF, and high when the switch is ON|
|switch.module_name.output_type||pwm||Sets the type of output for the output_pin, if set to digital the pin can only be low or high, and if set to pwm the pin can be set to any Sigma-Delta PWM value between 0 and 255 using the S parameter, for example : M106 S127. If set to hwpwm will use Real PWM, but the selected output pin must be PWM capable. The S value will be the duty cycle in percent, NOTE the default is none which will disable the output entirely.|
|switch.module_name.startup_state||false||Statup state of the switch. If set to false the module is initialized OFF, if set to true the module is initualized ON|
|switch.module_name.startup_value||184||Statup value of the switch if the output_type is pwm.|
|switch.module_name.max_pwm||210||Maximum value for the PWM output. (only used for pwm output type, not for hwpwm|
|switch.module_name.pwm_period_ms||20||Period used by the H/W PWM, 20ms is 50Hz which is the default if not set|
|switch.module_name.fail_safe_set_to||0||0 or 1 what to set the output pin to in case of a crash or HALT condition|
|switch.module_name.ignore_on_halt||false||set to true to not set the fail safe value when a HALT condition is triggered|
The initial internal state of the switch at boot is set by the startup_state setting, which should be set to "true" or "false".
Also remember that individual pins can be inverted with a '!' ( see Pin Configuration ). Default is false.
There is also a startup_value setting that sets the default analog value used for pwm on an output pin. This value defaults to always on.
switch.fan1.startup_state false switch.fan1.startup_value 127
This setting will enable a pin that can be used to change the state of the switch. For example, a button can be configured that toggles the state of a fan. By default input_pin is set to "nc" which stands for "not connected".
There is also a behavior setting for the input pin. Currently the valid options are "momentary" (default) and "toggle".
The toggle behavior allows a momentary button to behave like an on-off toggle switch. If you are connecting a physical toggle switch you would probably want the behavior set to momentary.
switch.fan1.input_pin 1.7! switch.fan1.input_pin_behavior toggle
Set this config value to drive an output pin based on the internal state of the Switch module. Remember that the pin can always be inverted with a '!' ( see Pin Configuration ).
switch.fan1.output_pin 2.7 switch.fan1.output_type pwm # pwm output settable with S parameter on the on command switch.fan1.max_pwm 255 # sets the max pwm for this pin
To set an output pin to be non-pwm so it just turns on or off set output_type digital
switch.psu.output_type digital # just on or off switch.psu.output_pin 1.30o! # set to open drain, inverted to control an ATX PSON signal
There are three different output types : digital, pwm and hwpwm, the default is none so no output pin is configured.
Note that pwm is actually SigmaDelta Modulation and will allow you to set PWM intensity via the S parameter to your G-codes, values between 0 and max_pwm are accepted, which is usually 255.
hwpwm is PWM controlled by the Hardware, and is PWM compatible with Hobby servos and ESCs. The S parameter specifies the duty cycle in percent, and for a typical servo will be between 5% and 10% (1ms to 2ms when running at 50Hz) for a 180° turn. the default frequency is 50Hz but can be set with the pwm_period_ms config setting.
Commands and Gcodes
There are also a set of config settings that allow the Switch module to both generate and react to Gcodes as necessary. The input_on_command is also able to read an S parameter to set an analog value for pwm over the output pin. This allows things like driving a fan at less than full speed or dimming an led.
switch.fan1.input_on_command M106 # any command that starts with this exact string turns this switch on switch.fan1.input_off_command M107 # any command starting with this exact string turns off the switch
In addition to input_on_command and input_off_command there are also corresponding config settings output_on_command and output_off_command. Offhand, it seems unlikely that a single switch module would need to use both input_ and output_ commands.
This configuration will allow you to control a fan using the standard reprap G-codes for controlling a fan
This is already present in the default configuration file
# Switch module for fan control switch.fan.enable true # Enable this module switch.fan.input_on_command M106 # This switch is turned on when M106 is sent switch.fan.input_off_command M107 # This switch is turned off when M107 is sent switch.fan.output_pin 2.6 # This pin is turned on when this switch is turned on, and vice-versa switch.fan.output_type pwm # PWM output settable with S parameter in the input_on_comand #switch.fan.max_pwm 255 # Set max PWM for the pin default is 255
This configuration will allow you to control a servo using the standard reprap G-codes for controlling a servo.
M280 S5 would be fully to the left and M280 S10 would be fully to the right.
# Switch module for servo control switch.servo.enable true # switch.servo.input_on_command M280 # M280 S7.5 would be midway switch.servo.input_off_command M281 # same as M280 S0 0% duty cycle, effectively off switch.servo.output_pin 3.25 # must be a PWM capable pin switch.servo.output_type hwpwm # H/W pwm output settable with S parameter in the input_on_comand #switch.servo.pwm_period_ms 20 # set period to 20ms (50Hz) default is 50Hz # Switch module for a second servo control switch.servo2.enable true # switch.servo2.input_on_command M280 # M280.1 S7.5 would be midway switch.servo2.input_off_command M281 # same as M280.1 S0 0% duty cycle, effectively off switch.servo2.subcode 1 # M280.1 will trigger this switch switch.servo2.output_pin 3.26 # must be a PWM capable pin switch.servo2.output_type hwpwm # H/W pwm output settable with S parameter in the input_on_comand
Power supply control
Here is how to control an ATX power supply's ON/OFF signal from a bare pin connected to the PS_ON signal, so that your board can tell it to turn off when needed
switch.psu.enable true # turn atx on/off switch.psu.input_on_command M80 # switch.psu.input_off_command M81 # switch.psu.output_pin 0.25o! # open drain, inverted switch.psu.output_type digital # on/off only switch.psu.fail_safe_set_to 1 # so the ATX turns off on a system crash #switch.psu.ignore_on_halt true # so the ATX does not turn off on a HALT condition (like limit trigger) # However leave commented or set to false if you want the ATX to turn off for an over heat fault condition
Note : this uses the PSON pin on the power supply, which should be open-drain, thus the o in 0.25o!
Here is how to control an ATX power supply's ON/OFF signal from a small mosfet connected to the PS_ON signal, or to an SSR which powers the non ATX PSU
switch.psu.enable true # turn atx on/off switch.psu.input_on_command M80 # switch.psu.input_off_command M81 # switch.psu.output_pin 2.4 # small mosfet (NB not inverted) switch.psu.output_type digital # on/off only #switch.psu.ignore_on_halt true # so the PSU does not turn off on a HALT condition (like limit trigger) # However leave commented or set to false if you want the PSU to turn off for an over heat fault condition
Pause when out of filament
NOTE there is a real filament detector module which works much better than this.
switch.filamentout.enable true # switch.filamentout.input_pin 1.30^ # pin where filemant out button is connected switch.filamentout.output_on_command suspend # command switch.resume.enable true # switch.resume.input_pin 1.31^ # pin where resume button is connected switch.resume.output_on_command resume # command after_suspend_gcode G91_G0E-5_G0Z10_G90_G0X-50Y-50 # gcode to run after suspend, retract then get head out of way before_resume_gcode G91_G1E1_G90 # gcode to run after temp is reached but before resume - do a prime
suspend and resume buttons
switch.suspend.enable true # switch.suspend.input_pin 1.30^ # pin where pause button is connected switch.suspend.output_on_command suspend # command switch.resume.enable true # switch.resume.input_pin 1.31^ # pin where resume button is connected switch.resume.output_on_command resume # command after_suspend_gcode G91_G0E-5_G0Z10_G90_G0X-50Y-50 # gcode to run after suspend, retract then get head out of way before_resume_gcode G91_G1E1_G90 # gcode to run after temp is reached but before resume - do a prime
These are the different ways of stopping Smoothie :
|abort||M26||Stops an SDCARD print immediately||Not affected||Aborts||Position maintained, but file must be restarted||Player||Stops the execution of a file being played from SDCARD, it will complete the current gcode, but stop immediately after that, the rest of the queued commands are discarded. It attempts to maintain the correct position after the abort.|
|suspend||M600||Stops once queue is empty||Turned off if option enabled (default)||Paused, can be resumed||Yes, with resume or M601, position maintained||Player||Suspends the execution of a file being played from SDCARD or being streamed from a host (upstream support required currently pronterface and octoprint support it, otherwise host needs to be manually paused), all state is saved and jogging and extruding is allowed. Mainly used for mid print filament change, or filament out detection. M601 resumes the print or the resume command|
|No command, but there is a configurable «kill» button||M112||Stops instantly if kill button pressed, if issued from host has to wait for the receive buffer to have room.||Turned off||aborted||No, position is lost, home will be required||supported-g-codes||Instantly stops all operations, printer fully halts until M999 is sent. Position is lost.|
|Sending Control-X to smoothie over the serial port or USB serial port||should work at any time even when streaming, does the same as the kill button||Turned off||aborted||No, position is lost, home will be required||Instantly stops all operations, printer fully halts until M999 is sent (or $X). Position is lost.|
If the kill button is pressed (or there is a temperature fault, M112 is issued, a limit switch is hit or other error) the system enters the Halt state, in this state the play led flashes, and the state can be cleared by issuing M999 or holding the flashing kill button for 2 seconds (it can also be cleared from the LCD panel). While in the Halt state any command issued from the host will get a !! response (with a few exceptions). The PSU may be turned off when Halt is entered if there is a psu Switch defined.
All commands can be triggered by a button or a sensor if a Switch module is configured to do so.
Laser power supply
For the enable ( TTL ) pin on a CO2 laser PSU, for power control use the Laser module.
# Switch module for laser TTL control switch.laser.enable true # switch.laser.input_on_command M106 # switch.laser.input_off_command M107 # switch.laser.output_pin 1.31 #