Hot-ends have a heating element (controlled by a MOSFET) and a thermistor to read its temperature.
When the thermistor is read, the Smoothie calculates the temperature, and then turns the heater on or off depending on whether heat is needed or not.
A few bad things can happen :
- The thermistor can get disconnected from the board, in this case, Smoothie detects it and turns everything off.
- The thermistor can fall off the heater, in which case Smoothie will think the hot-end is cold, and heat it too much.
- The MOSFET can fail, and be always on, resulting in the hot-end being over-heated.
One way to prevent the last two bad things, is to add a second thermistor to the hot-end. The second thermistor also reads the temperature on the hot-end, and if something goes bad, Smoothie turns the PSU off, preventing damage.
To implement this, you need three things:
- A temperaturecontrol module that doesn't control any MOSFET, but reads just the safety thermistor.
- A temperatureswitch module that turns a switch off if a temperaturecontrol module goes above a given temperature.
Here is an example configuration :
temperatureswitch.psu.enable true # temperatureswitch.psu.switch psuswitch # temperatureswitch.psu.designator F # temperatureswitch.psu.threshold_temp 45 # Turn the PSU OFF above this temperature, and ON below this temperature. In Â°C. switch.psuswitch.enable true # turn PSU on/off switch.psuswitch.input_on_command M80 # switch.psuswitch.input_off_command M81 # switch.psuswitch.output_pin 1.22! # 3rd small FET, or pin on header switch.psuswitch.output_type digital # on/off only # define a readonly temperaturecontrol for a PSU cutoff temperature_control.psu.enable true # Whether to activate this module at all. All configuration is ignored if false. temperature_control.psu.thermistor_pin 0.25 # Pin for the thermistor to read temperature_control.psu.heater_pin nc # set to nc to make it a read-only temperature control temperature_control.psu.thermistor Semitec # thermistor name temperature_control.psu.designator F # Failsafe designator
A few notes :
- If you have a voltage regulator as your only 5V source on Smoothieboard, this will not work, as turning the PSU off will also turn the 5V off.
- If you use an ATX PSU, you can wire the 5VSB supply to the 5V input on the Smoothieboard, in which case the Smoothieboard will still get its 5V even if the PSU is shut down by the switch module. Wire the ATX PS_ON to the ground of a small MOSFET. This will allow it to turn on/off with M80/M81, and will also shut off in case of crash.