( See also http://smoothieware.org/bluebox-guide )
You want to use proper softwares to drive your Laser machine, this is the best reason to change for a Smoothie board, and start to use your laser cutter as simply as a inkjet printer.
Before you get started you should have a look into your laser power supply.
itâs different model and type out there and the wiring would vary accordingly.
I will look at 2 common cases:
Laser fire on L or on IN.
The best to find out your case is to look at how your original wiring was in factory state.
to fire the PSU will need to satisfy several conditions, materialised by corresponding connections.
PSU could label them differently ex: (G,P,L,G,IN,5v ), (TH,TL,WP,G,IN.5V ), (K+,K-,etcâ¦ )
Test switch (L, fire laser)
IN (PWM or pot return)
conditions for a recent PSU (not my case)
Personally I got a MYJG40W from [http://www.jnmydy.com] and I canât find any manual for it. (donât speak Chinese)
but I make it work with this schema :
Connecting end stops and motors :
from factory I identify 2 original wirings, very similar. flat connector (CN3) or cables (CN21 CN22 CN4) doing the same thing.
You need to play with a controller to find out your wiring on flat cable.
CN4 is your X motor (plug directly onto Smoothieboard 4XC alpha motor)
CN21 is your Y motor (plug directly onto Smoothieboard 4XC beta motor)
CN22 is your limit switches (X,Y, shared ground) extension cable to be made for connection onto Smoothieboard 4XC min end switches.
(Blue lines was 24V & Ground, Green lines was Fire laser & Ground)
this is simple and very straight forward. no need to touch the front panel wiring (pot, switches, Vu meter).
Level shifter :
Smoothie board Pin 2.5 on JP 33 is 3.3V you will need a level shifter to 5V (2GBP on Ebay),
see schema for wiring.
Not compulsory, but handy to have to display your ip (dhcp), to home or jog the head, and print from SD.
needs its own voltage regulator for readable contrast.
the limited 30 cm cables length for the display make it delicate to install the LCD on front panel, but its doable.
Identify your motors, and check their specs (max current).
find the data sheet for your motors and their current max. (K40 is fitted with all sorts of motor ref.)
and you are ready to implement the Smoothie config file.
the section you want to update are :
- Motors max current
- Laser fire on the right PIN (PWM, could be inverted with !)
- activate laser on the right PIN (equivalent to laser switch, and if applicable to your PSU, digital not PWM)
- Steps per mm accordingly to your measurements (I suggest to do several straight lines, measure them with caliper and make average (for precision reading) for X &Y)
- Network following your specs.
in my case :
change in config are:
- alpha & beta steps per mm (157.575)
- max stepper current (0.6 & 0.5)
- Laser (module enable true, pin2.5! inverted)
- LCD (true)
- Network (enable true, added line for network hostname SmoothK40)
# Arm solution configuration : Cartesian robot. Translates mm positions into stepper positions alpha_steps_per_mm 157.575 # Steps per mm for alpha stepper (based on my measurements) beta_steps_per_mm 157.575 # Steps per mm for beta stepper gamma_steps_per_mm 1600 # Steps per mm for gamma stepper
# Stepper module pins ( ports, and pin numbers, appending "!" to the number will invert a pin ) alpha_step_pin 2.0 # Pin for alpha stepper step signal alpha_dir_pin 0.5! # Pin for alpha stepper direction (inverted with !) alpha_en_pin 0.4 # Pin for alpha enable pin alpha_current 0.6 # X stepper motor current alpha_max_rate 30000.0 # mm/min beta_step_pin 2.1 # Pin for beta stepper step signal beta_dir_pin 0.11 # Pin for beta stepper direction beta_en_pin 0.10 # Pin for beta enable beta_current 0.5 # Y stepper motor current beta_max_rate 30000.0 # mm/min
# Laser module configuration laser_module_enable true # Whether to activate the laser module at all. All configuration is # ignored if false. laser_module_pin 2.5! # this pin (connect to PSU IN) PWM to control the laser. Only P2.0 - P2.5, P1.18, P1.20, P1.21, P1.23, P1.24, P1.26, P3.25, P3.26 # can be used since laser requires hardware PWM laser_module_max_power 0.8 # this is the maximum duty cycle that will be applied to the laser (Potentiometer like) laser_module_tickle_power 0.0 # this duty cycle will be used for travel moves to keep the laser # active without actually burning laser_module_pwm_period 20 # this sets the pwm frequency as the period in microseconds
# network settings network.enable true # enable the ethernet network services network.webserver.enable true # enable the webserver network.telnet.enable true # enable the telnet server network.ip_address auto # use dhcp to get ip address network.hostname SmoothK40 # Some DHCP servers accept a hostname for the machine, allowing you to connect with hostname instead of IP # uncomment the 3 below to manually setup ip address #network.ip_address 192.168.3.222 # the IP address #network.ip_mask 255.255.255.0 # the ip mask #network.ip_gateway 192.168.3.1 # the gateway address #network.mac_override xx.xx.xx.xx.xx.xx # override the mac address, only do this if you have a conflict
Command: tracing (G1) a line from your actual position to (X100, Y100) full laser power (S1)
VisiCut (Ethernet only with beta version 1.7.290 sept 2015)
download latest (Smoothie tab for dev. version) [http://hci.rwth-aachen.de/visicut-download]
Select menu Option, manage laser cutter, choose smoothie, fill your settings in. you are done )
Works with Smoothie in USB.
Free for non professional use.
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Thank you for reading.